far as sports medicine is concerned, the evaluation of the physical
development and of the nutrition condition are of primary importance
the diagnosis of the health condition;
the selection for the various sports branches;
the guiding of the sports training.
development is the second component of the biological process of
growth and development of the human body:
is “the process
tissues, organs and systems with the increase of the somatic mass, of
the segmentary and global dimensions…’
development is the
triggers new connections between segments and parts: it includes
diversifying, perfecting and specializing; in essence, physical
development represents the sum of several relationships, their level at
a given point or during a period.
stages of physical development correspond to the stages of the
cycle: childhood, adolescence, maturity and senescence.
harmonious physical development represents one of the main goals of
physical education alongside the prevention and correction of
sports physical development is important for selection. –
sports which require a harmonious physical development, while others
require a particular physical development.
There are also sports
which do not attach great importance to physical development
except for the maintenance of good health – but they evaluate
effect of the physical exertion on the body too, becoming thus an
indicator of the training process.
evaluation of the physical development is carried out on the
– global and
– measurement and
calculation of several indicators
assessment of the physical development is carried out through:
qualifications (units of
harmony of physical development is evaluated by means of the level
and the value of the relationships between the antropofiziometric
characters and proportioning indicators. The evaluation system of the
physical development’s harmony is the outcome of a concept
depends on the epoch, the level of knowledge, the author, the field
of activity etc.
a physical development ‘close’ to the optimum
(somatotype) for a sport, has become an almost sine qua non