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Physical Development  ←

...on physical development
the essentials

by Gabriel Panait M.D.

  As far as sports medicine is concerned, the evaluation of the physical development and of the nutrition condition are of primary importance for:
- the diagnosis of the health condition;
- the selection for the various sports branches;
- the guiding of the sports training.

Physical development is the second component of the biological process of growth and development of the human body:

  • growth is “the process of quantitative accumulation of tissues, organs and systems with the increase of the somatic mass, of the segmentary and global dimensions…’

  • physical development is the proportioning process, which triggers new connections between segments and parts: it includes diversifying, perfecting and specializing; in essence, physical development represents the sum of several relationships, their level at a given point or during a period.

The stages of physical development correspond to the stages of the life’s cycle: childhood, adolescence, maturity and senescence.

The harmonious physical development represents one of the main goals of physical education alongside the prevention and correction of physical deficiencies.

 In sports physical development is important for selection. – there are sports which require a harmonious physical development, while others require a particular physical development. 
 There are also sports which do not attach great importance to physical development – except for the maintenance of good health – but they evaluate the effect of the physical exertion on the body too, becoming thus an indicator of the training process.

 The evaluation of the physical development is carried out on the following basis:

  • the medical anamnesis;
  • the somatoscopic observation – global and segmentary;
  • the somatometric examination – measurement and calculation of several indicators
  • the nutritional condition evaluation

 The assessment of the physical development is carried out through:

  • general qualifications (good, satisfactory…);
  • specific qualifications (units of measurement, indicators etc.)

 The harmony of physical development is evaluated by means of the level and the value of the relationships between the antropofiziometric characters and proportioning indicators. The evaluation system of the physical development’s harmony is the outcome of a concept which depends on the epoch, the level of knowledge, the author, the field of activity etc.

 Nowadays a physical development ‘close’ to the optimum morphotype (somatotype) for a sport,  has become an almost sine qua non for achieving sport performance.

September, 26  2007 (english version)

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